IRAN: EXECUTION OF WOMEN & CHILDREN - 2011
2. Methods of Execution
The most frequent form of execution is by hanging.
Public hangings are often carried out using large mobile construction cranes.
Stoning is probably the most well-known form of capital punishment in Iran. It was implemented in 1983 as the accepted judicial punishment for adultery.
Iranian law is inherently bias and more brutal towards women. According to the Iranian law, adultery can be proven in court with the testimonies of four men, or three men and two women.
In certain cases, adultery is considered a capital offence. Execution is by stoning.
The Islamic Penal Code stipulates that women are to be buried in the ground up to breast level and the stones must not be large enough to kill quickly. In other cases, adultery is punishable through humiliation by stoning. However, this can also result in death.
The United Nations, world leaders, and non-governmental organizations have exerted pressure on Iran to overturn stoning sentences and end the practice. Success has been mixed. In 2002, the Iranian government placed a moratorium on stoning, though the law remains in the penal code.
In 2009, it was reported that the Iranian parliament had established a commission to revise the penal code to end stoning. Statements were made by judiciary spokesmen that stoning has been outlawed and that “no such verdict has been carried out”. Yet this is contrary to the case of Sakineh Mohammadi Ashtiani, who was sentenced to death by stoning in 2010, for her alleged involvement in the murder of her husband.
Amnesty International reports that at least 15 women remain at risk of death by stoning.
Though no longer practiced since 1979, it was reported that a man was executed by this method in 2008.