Compiled by Chris Crowstaff. Nov 2013.
Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka - UN Women, October 2013
"Women’s leadership is central to reconciliation."
18 October 2013, New York: Key notes from the statement of UN Women Executive Director Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka at the Security Council Open Debate on women, peace and security:
"This resolution [resolution 2122] puts the onus on all of us – the Security Council, the United Nations, regional organizations and Member States – to create the space and provide seats at the peace table for women.
I know for sure that there are women who are adequately trained for these roles, that women are available for high-level appointments and, further, that qualified women are everywhere...
Mediators and their teams must encourage negotiating parties to invite women to the table and address women’s issues in ceasefire and peace accords. This is in the best interest of lasting peace.
It is critical that the Security Council members should ask for briefings on the specific impacts of conflict on women...
Friends of peace processes and hosts of donor conferences should provide additional financing for the inclusion of women’s groups and women leaders. Women’s rights organisations must be supported in their efforts to build constituencies for peace and justice...
I warmly welcome the appointment of Mary Robinson as the Secretary-General’s Special Envoy to the Great lakes region, and thank Aïchatou Mindaoudou Souleymane for her work as Special Envoy for the Darfur process....
This year three out of ten peace agreements in UN-supported processes included provisions for women’s political participation or protection. This is more than the year before. You will all agree with me that such provisions should be raised in all peace accords....
And we see that over the past year, the numbers of women at senior levels in United Nations field missions have remained relatively stagnant...
In some contexts, law itself is gender-biased. It fails to criminalise some forms of violence against women. Even where laws are consistent with international human rights standards, authorities may be inconsistent in their application...
Women’s leadership and collective action have changed the world by combatting violence against women and building equality. Women’s leadership is central to reconciliation and conflict resolution and to peacebuilding efforts that bring results for families and communities."
Ambassador Hind Khoury - Former PLO Ambassador, January 2011
"Women's involvement reduces violence."
On the 20th January 2011 - shortly before the revolution in Egypt - Ambassador Hind Khoury, Former Palestinian Liberation Organisation Ambassador to France, spoke at a conference in Israel to discuss women's involvement in the Midde East peace process.
Ambassador Khoury urged women to get up and take part in this arena to change the situation. The need is urgent, she said, because events are happening fast.
Women must believe that they can influence decisions. "Women's involvement reduces violence."
Kofi Annan - Former UN Secretary-General, 2006
“There is no policy more effective in promoting development, health and education than the empowerment of women and girls. And I would venture that no policy is more important in preventing conflict, or in achieving reconciliation after a conflict has ended," Kofi Annan, Former UN Secretary-General, during his International Women's Day message 2006.
Women and Peace - Research
"Women play a prominent role in rebuilding war-torn societies."
Research shows that women are better at cooperating: "Women play a prominent role in rebuilding war-torn societies and social resources... and a more central role than men in a successful society, by focusing more on cooperating than competing," concluded a study by universities in Edinburgh and Switzerland.
According to an article in the New Scientist in 2008, scientists say that too much testosterone leads to too much aggression and reckless decision-making and suggest the stock-market crash may have been due to too much testosterone.
An excess of cortisol (stress hormone) can then lead to a condition called "learned helplessness," in which people feel that their actions in risky situations don't matter - in other words, recklessness and false bravado.
To date, 87 men have received the Nobel Peace Prize and 14 women.
Higher than the overall percentage of women receiving Nobel Prizes.
The Nobel Prize has been awarded 807 times to men and 44 times to women.