RUWON Nepal works mainly in the Kathmandu Valley and in the Sindhuli district, in the eastern part of Nepal, where people endured ten years of conflict in the Nepalese Civil War, from 1996 to 2006.
RUWON Nepal supports women from excluded and marginalized communities and also disadvantaged regions, so as to achieve sustainable and equitable development through social inclusion, advocacy, and empowerment mechanisms.
RUWON Nepal also works for the rights of children and youth.
Through awareness and capacity-building, and by creating forums for discussion, it encourages youth to actively be a part of the development of the country.
RUWON Nepal has launched women's literacy programmes in different communities in Sindhuli district and has thirty-five women's micro-saving groups.
Sustainable peace and democracy are integral to RUWON's programmes.
The Nepalese Civil War was started by the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) on 13 February 1996, with the aim of overthrowing the Nepalese monarchy and establishing the "People's Republic of Nepal." It ended with a Comprehensive Peace Accord signed on 21 November 2006 which is now monitored by United Nations Mission in Nepal. The militant sector later renamed itself the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist).
The Maoists labeled the government forces "feudal forces," and included in this accusation the monarchy and the mainstream political parties.
Throughout the war, the government controlled the main cities and towns, whilst the Maoist dominated the rural areas.
More than 15000 people were killed (6000 by Maoists and 9000 by the government) and an estimated 100,000 to 150,000 people were internally displaced as a result of the conflict.